The Center for Civil Rights Remedies at the Civil Rights Project at UCLA

Elementary and Secondary School Suspension Rates by State



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Results for the 2011-12 School Year


Asterisk (*) indicates that the trend directionality changed due to error(s) caused by rounding required by the U.S. Department of Education for public reporting.

Important note: The suspension rate may be higher or lower because of distortion due to rounding. Distortion of more than 2 percentage points is possible when subgroup enrollment falls below 200 students. We will soon update this web tool flagging the extent of distortion due to rounding. Currently, you can find all districts, with distortion flagged, in the spreadsheets below.

DATA SOURCE: Based on data from the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights Data Collection, known as 'CRDC'.

NOTE: In some cases, a district showing zero suspensions may not have reported suspensions for that category to CRDC, or its enrollment for that category may have been zero.

NOTE ON DATA: The data in this web tool describe the unduplicated numbers of students suspended at least once by the indicated subgroup as a percentage of the respective group's total enrollment. If there are 200 Black students enrolled and 30 of these Black students received at least one out of school suspension the graph will show that 15% of the Black students were suspended at least once. This is also known as the "risk" for suspension. In the example it means that 15 Black students were suspended out of very 100 Black students enrolled. These numbers are based on unduplicated counts of students suspended. A student who received 5 suspensions is only counted once. The calculation of the risk for suspension is unrelated to the demographic composition of the school district. For example, if a district enrolls only Black students the risk for suspension is driven by the unduplicated number of students suspended and can range from 0% to 100%. The risk for being suspended should also not be confused with counts of suspensions per 100 which are often called "incident rates" and are typically higher.


Note: While some states have more recent discipline data, many states publish no discipline data. To view a 50-state survey with live links to relevant state websites, please click here. To view state data sources for students with disibilities, please click here.

Further breakdown of race with disability status and race with gender are possible with some, but not all, of the choices above. For even more detail, please see our complete spreadsheets with all available U.S. district data:

To find whether the suspension rates in your district are rising or falling (trends), please see our complete spreadsheets:

To read our most recent national report on school suspension rates, select the links below:


To read our recent report on the cost and implications of school discipline, please select the links below:

Please select the links below to read our comprehensive report on charter schools and school discipline:

Please note: In Table 1 of our report, the list of highest suspending charter schools should reflect the fact that Northstar High School no longer exists and Dallas Can Academy is best considered an alternative school. Therefore, two charters should be added to highest suspending in nation for Latinos: Lake Wales in FL 45.3% and Roxbury Prep in MA, 44.7%

To read our most recent report on school discipline in California, please select the links below:

Information for Teachers: See this AFT Special Edition of American Educator, Seeding Change in School Discipline, for guidance for teachers.


How Do We Fix the School-to-Prison Pipeline? (Podcast with transcript, featuring Daniel J. Losen, Director of the Civil Rights Project's Center for Civil Rights Remedies)

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Closing the School Discipline Gap

Closing the School Discipline Gap: Equitable Remedies for Excessive Exclusion may be purchased from the Civil Rights Project or at Teachers College Press.

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